A urogynecologist is a combination of the fields of urology and gynecology where they specialize in the care and treatment of both the urinary system as well as the female reproductive system. In simple terms, a urogynecologist can be called both a urologist and an OBGYN who specializes in the pelvic and urology problems of women. To gain a better understanding of urogynecologists, this article will shed some light on the things that you can expect from these medical professionals.
A urogynecologist has expert knowledge in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Moreover, they have also received additional training in taking care of women who suffer from disorders affecting the female pelvic organs as well as the connective tissues and muscles that support such organs. With this kind of training, these professionals will be able to deal with gynecologic issues that are non-cancerous in nature and caused by menopause, childbirth, or aging through surgical and non-surgical treatment means. The conditions that urogynecologists treat are those that affect one out of every four women. Compared with the number of women who have hypertension, depression, or diabetes, this number exceeds it.
The most common pelvic floor conditions that these urogynecologists deal with include fecal or urinary incontinence and prolapse of the vagina, uterus, or bladder. Prolapse happens gradually where the female organs fall down their pelvic area. Incontinence is another condition that goes hand in hand with prolapse. The reason being is that both conditions have been shown to result from pelvic floor damage that often happens after childbirth. Even if childbirth is most commonly associated with these conditions, there are also other causes leading to such events. Obesity, heavy lifting on a daily basis, severe constipation, and chronic coughing are also other factors that lead to a woman suffering from incontinence or prolapse.
When dealing with these conditions, urogynecologists turn to pharmacological, surgical, or behavioral methods. For most urogynecologists, they first advise their patients to change their behaviors like doing some exercises and changing their diet. For those who suffer from bladder conditions, a urogynecologist will often put you on a strict diet where you are not allowed to consume particular acidic beverages and food. You can expect no additional treatment to be given to you if such an intervention suffices. Doing some pelvic muscle exercises is another advice pertaining to behavioral intervention that urogynecologists will tell you to prevent possible occurrence of incontinence.
Pharmacological treatment or medications are then provided when changes in behavior fail. Another option is doing surgery. Some of the most common surgical procedures include laparoscopic pelvic surgery and stress and vaginal dryness treatment.